The medical term for ringworm is Tinea and ringworm is not a worm. It is a kind of fungal infection. The name of infection is different for different body parts according to its occurrence. The 3 Day Tinea treatment by experienced dermatologists ensure that the infection is reduced to a great extent. This Review on their Pocket profile provides knowledge on the occurrence of ringworm, its causes, sources, and kinds of treatments and home remedies.
The infection of ringworm can be cured in two to three weeks, but the disease in nails and scalp takes few months to be cured. People with the weak immune system are prone to secondary bacterial and fungal infections after the attack of ringworm.
Ways to prevent ringworm in general:
One should keep moisture and sweat at bay to avoid ringworm. Men should prefer boxers and women should avoid tight pantyhose to avoid infections. Items of personal care and hygiene like soaps, towels, clothes, makeup accessories, sports gears should not be shared. Wearing sandals and shoes in gyms, locker rooms and pools will avoid athlete’s foot. Make sure that the adults and children wash hands after touching pets. Pets with ringworm infections should be taken to doctor immediately, and the places of their stay must be disinfected.
Home remedies can not treat ringworm. The antifungal dosage of medicines and creams are necessary to treat ringworm. The three-month oral medication involves tablets like Diflucan, Sporanox, Griseofulvin, Terbinafine, etc. Systematic treatment of external applications does not help in the reduction of ringworm. Anti-fungal creams such as Naftin, Ketoconazole, Miconazole, Clotrimazole content creams work well on the body and groin areas. The tropical medication of anti-fungal creams treats the infection within two weeks.
Diagnosis of ringworm:
Generally, by observing the kind of rash, doctors can diagnose ringworm. The skin scraps can be taken for microscopic observation and skin can be taken for a culture test. The potassium hydroxide on skin scraping will confirm the presence of ringworm. Correct diagnosis is essential as it can worsen the infection. Dermatologists and skin specialists along with family doctors, pediatricians and specialists can treat this kind of infection.
Ringworm is contagious, and there are mainly nine kinds of ringworms. The infection occurs in the form of scales, rashes, blisters as red, round patches. Ringworm affects both adults and kids. Pet animals are also affected. Humid and hot climate causes ringworm along with unhygienic personal care conditions. Earlier, people presumed that the ringworm is a kind of worm, but it is not as discussed earlier. The fungus is quite severe in few cases. Fungi are found in humans, animals, and soil too.
Types of ringworms:
1) Tinea Corporis
This is the most common ringworm and affects the torso, arms, and legs. This ringworm causes red and circular spots accompanied by itching and scaling. The spots sometimes also have blisters and lesions.
2) Tinea Incognito
Prior Tinea, when treated by topical steroid cream, can be changed into Tinea Incognito. This type of ringworm is developed due to the wrong diagnosis by the doctors when they think that it is dermatitis. The rash may become pustular too.
3) Tinea Cruris
Jock itch is its nicknamed the rash starts in the groin region and spread to the thighs. The rash is reddish brown and is painful.
4) Tinea Unguium
Also known as onychomycosis, this ringworm affects the finger nails and toenails. The nails become yellow, thick and crumbly.
5) Tinea Barbae
This rash is also known as barber’s itch. This ringworm affects the facial hair region. Red and lumpy pustules are formed. This kind of infection is found in farmers who are in contact with farm animals.
6) Tinea Capitis
This ringworm affects the scalp both in kids and adults. If the treatment is not immediate, there will be permanent hair loss and scars.
7) Tinea Manuum
This infection spreads from one person to person or from one area to the other in the same person. The circular spots on hands mark the presence of this infection. Cattle animals, dogs, cats, etc. cause this disease.
8) Tinea Pedis
This infection affects the feet and is known as athlete’s foot. Humid environment and excessive sweating conditions trigger this disease. People involved in sports and games are prone to this infection.
9) Tinea Faciei
This infection occurs on the face, not on the scalp and facial hair. Round or oval red spots arise with scaly patches.